Muddy dams are the result of soil particles with the same charge of electrons bumping into each other and remaining suspended in the water column. It is possible that they could settle out on their own but this depends on a number of factors such as the surrounding watershed, inlets, type of soil, depth, wind and wave action. In most cases the suspended soil particles don’t settle out themselves and need help through a process of coagulation and flocculation (commonly referred to as 'floccing'). In this process a product with an opposing electron charge is applied to the water where it binds to the soil particles making them sink to the bottom, clearing the water.
Floccing a dam is a long way from being an exact science and should be considered a process rather than just applying a product. This process should include assessing why it’s muddy in the first place, making adjustments to the dam or surrounding environment so it doesn’t muddy up again next time it rains, doing some jar tests to see if it will settle itself or what will be the best flocculant to use if it doesn’t settle, and then applying it in the manner that the specific product needs.
Clearwater Flocculant can be used in the treatment of municipal water, wastewater as well as private dams with or without fish. When used for clearing muddy dams, Clearwater Flocculant has a higher proportion of active ingredients when compared to other alum based products meaning less product is required. It also consumes less alkalinity meaning its impact on pH is less than other alum based products, making it safer for all aquatic life.